Selecting cable for your video security camera system may not be as straightforward as one would expect when it comes to the process of choosing a system. When it comes to surveillance equipment, there are many different types of cable that can be used. However, depending on the specific type of equipment you have, the cables you should consider will be determined by that equipment.
In this article, we will discuss the best security camera cable available, as well as the applications for which they are most suitable. Following your reading of this article, you will be more confident in your ability to select the appropriate cables for your application.
- Pre-made Siamese
- Spools of RG59 Siamese Coaxial Cable
- RG6 Coaxial- best security camera cable
- Cat-5e Network Cable
- Cat-6 – BEST BUY SECURITY CAMERA CABLE
- Everything You Need to Know About Ethernet Cable
- 4K SECURITY CAMERA CABLE- best security camera ethernet cable
- Intelligent Video Compression
Pre-made Siamese cables, also known as pre-made CCTV cables, are the most widely used type of security cable for analogue CCTV cameras and HD over Coax type security cameras, and they are the most expensive. The reason for this is that these cables are shipped completely assembled with BNC connectors and cut to a specific length, allowing customers to use them right out of the box when they receive them.
On one end, there is a BNC Male video connector and a 2.1mm Female power input (for use with a DVR or monitor), and on the other end, there is a 2.1mm Female power connector. In addition, there is a Male BNC video connector and a 2.1mm Male power output connector on the other side of the cable (camera side).
Many of our customers are first-time camera installers who are unsure of how to properly cut and terminate cable ends, or who are concerned that they will not be able to do so properly in the future. Those who purchase these cables will have the confidence to install their new camera system themselves, potentially saving hundreds, if not thousands, of dollars over the course of their lifetimes.
The pre-made Siamese cables that CCTV Camera Pros provides are of high quality and are compatible with standard Analog / CVBS cameras, as well as AHD, HD-TVI, and HDCVI HD Analog cameras. They are also available in a variety of lengths. We have them in a variety of lengths, including 25, 50, 75, 100, and 150 feet. The pre-made Siamese cables are the best option if you are using an Analog camera with BNC connectors and don’t want to deal with cutting and terminating your own cables.
For best security camera cable your convenience, we’ve included a pre-made security camera cable wiring guide for your consideration.
Pre-made audio, video, and power cables are similar to pre-made Siamese cables in that they are cut to length and terminated with BNC video and power connectors on both ends, just like pre-made Siamese cables. It does have an additional RCA lead, however, which is used for transmitting audio back to the DVR or monitor.
These cables enable users to connect an external microphone or support a built-in microphone from one of their surveillance cameras using a variety of connectors. When using external microphones with AVP cables, we recommend that you use inline surveillance microphones instead of external microphones because they share power with the camera and do not require any additional power supplies or wiring.
Audio, video, and power cables that CCTV Camera Pros carries have been tested and approved to work with Analog / CVBS cameras as well as AHD, HD-TVI, and HDCVI high definition security cameras, among other types of security cameras. The use of AVP cables is recommended for users who are using Analog cameras and who want to add a microphone to their system in order to record audio in addition to video. If you already have a microphone with a 3.5mm plug, you could convert it to be compatible with these cables by using an RCA to 3.5mm converter. best security camera cable
Spools of RG59 Siamese Coaxial Cable
RG59 Siamese is a Siamese breed. Coaxial cable is available in spools of 500 and 1000 feet in length, and it allows installers to cut and terminate the cable themselves. Because of the superior gauge and materials used in their manufacture, this is the best and most recommended cabling for BNC security cameras on the market today.
For video, RG59 cables use a much thicker 20-gauge cable core, while power cables use an 18-gauge cable core. This is in contrast to pre-made Siamese cables. Being thicker than pre-made cables (which can only be used for up to 200 feet of video when powered locally), the can be used to run longer distances without causing interference (up to 700 feet of video when powered locally). Furthermore, the shielding on RG59 is thicker than the shielding on pre-made cables, making it more durable and long-lasting in comparison.
The most significant advantage of cutting and terminating Coaxial cable is that users can install twist-on, crimp-on, or compression styled BNC, RCA, or F-Type connectors rather than attempting to find a pre-made cable with the connectors they desire. Please refer to our instructional videos if you want to learn how to cut and terminate the ends of RG59 coaxial cable. Wiring diagrams for RG59 Siamese cable are also available on our website for your convenience.
In addition to being available in black or white, the RG59 Siamese coaxial cable that CCTV Camera Pros supplies has a solid copper core, 95 percent copper braided shielding, and a 75-ohm impedance, making it an excellent choice for surveillance applications. RG59 cables with steel/copper clad cores designed specifically for CATV (cable television) applications should NOT be used for video surveillance applications. It has been reported that the image quality of the camera, if it displays at all, is distorted.
RG6 Coaxial– best security camera cable
RG6 Coaxial cable is very similar to RG59 Coaxial cable, with the exception that the copper core is 18 gauge rather than 20 gauge and that the insulation and shielding are significantly thicker. Although this is true, it does not necessarily imply that it is the superior cable for HD CCTV security camera system applications.
RG59 is actually always preferred over RG6 because it is better suited for transmitting surveillance video than the latter. RG59 core cables are thinner than RG6 core cables, allowing for the transmission of lower frequencies and bandwidths with less resistance than RG6 core cables.
In contrast, because the copper core of RG6 is thicker, it is better suited for transmitting higher bandwidths and frequencies, such as those used by the Internet and cable television. In the case of CCTV cameras, users will find that their video is distorted, if it appears at all, when using RG6 cable, especially at longer distances.
A thicker core in RG6 cable creates more resistance than a thinner core, and lower frequencies are unable to overcome this increased resistance. Therefore, when it comes to surveillance systems, it is always recommended to use RG59 rather than RG6 cable.
Cat-5e Network Cable
Cat-5E Ethernet cable is probably something you’ve heard of before, even if you’re not a professional CCTV installer. When your Internet modem is connected to your wireless router, or when your PC is connected to your wired router/network switch, this is the cable with the RJ45 connector. Cat-5E Ethernet cable is made up of eight individual 24-gauge wires, or four pairs of wires. Each pair of cable is dedicated to a specific function, such as data transmission or power distribution, among others.
Cat-5e cable, similar to Siamese cable, has the ability to transmit both video and power over a single cable run. Network IP cameras in the surveillance industry are most commonly best security camera cable connected using CAT5 cabling. The use of Video Baluns, on the other hand, allows users to use Cat-5E cable for the wiring of analogue CCTV cameras (CVBS) and HD BNC cameras (AHD, HD-TVI, or HD-CVI).
CCTV video Baluns work by taking the signal that would normally be transmitted over Coaxial / Siamese cable and splitting it into multiple pairs, one pair for data, one pair for power, and one pair for audio, if applicable, so that it can be transmitted over Cat-5E cable, as shown below.
Using this type of configuration, users can extend their transmission range from 700 feet with coaxial cable to up to 1300 feet with Cat-5E cable, effectively doubling their transmission range. The image above depicts a CAT5 video balun, which is used to connect a camera and a digital video recorder (DVR). On the left-hand side of the cable run, you can see how the balun is connected to the power supplies for the DVR and security cameras.
All of the Cat-5E cables that CCTV Camera Pros sells are of the highest quality, with a base wire of 24 AWG pure copper and gold-plated 50u short body contacts, making them compliant with the National Electric Code and TIA-568-C fire and safety specifications. Aside from that, they are also in compliance with UL Code 444. We have them available in pre-cut lengths as well as in spools of 1000 feet each. best security camera cable
Cat-6 – BEST BUY SECURITY CAMERA CABLE
Cat-6 cable has become increasingly popular as a low-cost alternative to Cat-5E cable in recent years. When it comes to data transmission, Cat-6 cables are more tightly wound than Cat-5 cables, which allows for faster data transmission. Both cables are made of four pairs of 24-gauge cable wrapped in a shielding. Example: Cat-5E can transmit data at up to 1,000 Mbps, or 1 Gigabit, while Cat-6 can transmit data at up to 10,000 Mbps, or 10 Gigabytes, depending on the configuration. There is, however, a limit to this approach. Cat-6 has a maximum transmission distance of 165 feet and can only transmit at 10,000Mbps. 165 feet into the cable run, Cat-6 will transmit at the same 1,000Mbps rate as Cat-5E, which will continue for the remainder of the cable run.
We recommend using Cat-5E best security camera cable cabling for security cameras because it is not necessary to transmit more than 1,000Mbps, even at full 4K resolution, with this type of cable. In particular, Cat-6 best security camera cable is intended to be used as the backbone for large network infrastructures capable of transmitting several Gigabytes of data per second or more.
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Everything You Need to Know About Ethernet Cable
Let’s start with Ethernet cables, which are the most common type of cable you’ll need for your hard-wired security camera system. They’re also the least expensive. The installation of an IP system will almost certainly necessitate the use of these components. However, even if you’re installing an analogue security camera system, you may want to consider investing in some of these convenient cables to make the process go more smoothly.
An Ethernet cable is made up of eight insulated copper wires that are divided into four pairs by the manufacturer. When the wires in a pair are twisted around each other for the entire length of the cable, the amount of signal interference is reduced significantly. As a result, the wires contained within an Ethernet cable are referred to as “twisted pairs.”
4K SECURITY CAMERA CABLE- best security camera ethernet cable
Setting up a 4K security camera system will necessitate powering your cameras and connecting them to your network and video recorder, all of which will take time. In this case, the use of 4K security camera cables and wiring becomes necessary. Choosing the proper cable type is critical to ensuring that your Ultra-HD surveillance system operates at peak performance.
In order to use 4K security cameras, you’ll need a variety of cables.
In order to transmit both power and data to and from IP security cameras, the majority of 4K security cameras and systems make use of CAT5/6 ethernet cables. In order to accomplish this, you will need a 4K security camera with POE (Power over Ethernet) technology. This technology allows you to access, manage, and view your security camera footage from any internet-enabled device such as a computer, smartphone, or tablet.
With only a single ethernet cable connecting your cameras to the network and transmitting video footage, you can enjoy convenient and immediate plug-and-play security surveillance systems. A common configuration for 4K security camera cables is to connect each camera directly to a PoE switch that is connected to your local network. To complete the 4K security system installation, a network video recorder is connected to the network.
Find the Most Appropriate Cable Solutions for Your Situation.
The selection of the appropriate security camera cables and connections is critical in ensuring that your 4K security system is installed correctly. Ethernet cables will be required for the installation of 4K IP cameras. The good news is that pre-made ethernet cables in a variety of lengths are available for purchase online. A few of the recommended cables are solid copper 6type CAT5e cables, which are UL-rated for long-distance signal transmission, as well as the more affordable CCA-type CAT5e cables.
Get your 4K security cameras or a complete system installed as soon as possible. Questions about what type of cables to use for your IP surveillance system? Contact us today.
Exceptional Video Quality
The video quality of the Lorex 4K PoE camera system was one of the things that stood out to me during the demonstration. It wasn’t the only 4K PoE camera we tested, but it had the right combination of technologies to make it stand out from the competition. Depending on the lighting conditions, it switched automatically between daytime videos, infrared night vision, and colour night vision. It had the capability of zooming in without sacrificing quality of image. And, of course, the 4K resolution made its videos look almost as good as they did on the big screen. If there’s one thing that could be improved, it’s the viewing angle, which is currently at a disadvantage. The Lorex cameras had a field of view of 93 degrees, which was significantly less than we had anticipated. However, given the fact that the camera we installed in our break room was still capable of monitoring the entire area, it was still a pretty good performance. Unfortunately for us, this meant that we would no longer be able to take extended vacations.
Intelligent Video Compression
is a technique for compressing video in an intelligent manner.
4K videos can take up a lot of storage space, but thanks to the intelligent video compression provided by the Lorex 4K PoE cameras, we were able to make the most of the two TB of storage available on our network video recorder (NVR). Instead of the more common H.264 compression, the cameras used H.265 compression. According to Lorex, it has the potential to reduce the size of video files by as much as 50%. Unfortunately, we didn’t have a way to verify this, but given the fact that it took all four cameras more than a week to fill the two-terabyte NVR, it appears to be the case. The majority of the other four-camera 4K systems we tested consumed two terabytes of storage in less than four or five days. Lorex also used HEVC encoding, which is an abbreviation for High-Efficiency Video Compression, to further compress the video. The use of HEVC encoding further reduced the size of the videos without compromising the quality of the 4K video footage.
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